Frequency of aphthous stomatitis in young age group and its relationship with some personal variables
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Objective: Etiopathogenesis of aphtous stomatit has not been established clearly however, genetic and immunopathologic factors have been blamed. Moreover, triggering factors like fo od, trauma, drugs, infections, stres are believed to have an impact. In this study, determination of aphtous stomatitis prevalence in young age group where it is frequently observed and evaluating its association with various personal factors are aimed. Material and Methods: Seven hundred sixty one university students are included to our study. Questionnaire with multiple choice questions as applied to all. Comparison is done using chi square test between groups with and without aphtae. Results: Four hundred fifty two students (59.4%) had a history of aphtae, 212 of whom had 3 or more lesions a year. Most common localization of aphtae was buccal mucosa, most common type was minor aphtae (82%), most common complaint was difficulty in eating. At the time of questionnaire application, 3.7% of students had aphtae. Comparing groups with and without aphtae, aphtae were significantly more in women, with family history of aphtae. Aphtae were significantly more common in students using antibiotics at least four times a year, having herpes at least once every month, having atopic dermatitis, and not smoking. Among questions asked in our questionnaire for determining association of aphthous stomatitis with periodontal findings, a significant association was determined with dental caries, implant and gingival bleeding and history of aphtae. Conclusion: Our study pays attention to possible association of gingival bleeding, pain, dental caries, frequent use of antibiotics, presence of herpes simplex infections and atopic dermatitis with aphtous stomatitis. Copyright © 2011 by Türkiye Klinikleri.