Urine dipstick of sputum for the rapid diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia
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CitationKurt, I. S., Unluer, E. E., Evrin, T., Katipoglu, B., & Eser, U. (2018). Urine Dipstick of Sputum for the Rapid Diagnosis of Community Acquired Pneumonia. Journal of the National Medical Association, 110(6), 579–582. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.03.008
Abstract: Introduction: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is responsible for an important part of treatment costs across the world. Even though posterioranterior lung radiography (PALG) and direct sputum smear microscopy are required or routine diagnoses. The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of the bedside urine strip tests in CAP. Methods: Patients who attended the emergency department (ED) between from February 2016 to September 2016 with expectoration complaints and suspicion of pneumonia. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rate of the urine strip tests, direct sputum smear microscopy, and PALG were calculated and analyzed using SPSS 15.0. Results: During the study period, 100 patients with pneumonia suspicion were evaluated in the ED. The sample was divided into two groups: negative and positive diagnosis of CAP. The leukocytes detecting by urine strip tests are statistical differences between the two groups (p: 0.003). The results show that the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rate of leukocytes detected in sputum with urine strip tests in the pneumonia diagnosis were 83.3%, 44.2% and 63% respectively. Conclusion: According to the study, it is believed that the method of determination of leukocytes with urine strip tests in sputum combined with more detailed results. They can become part of CAP diagnosis methods.