Modified quadruple therapy or bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in the first-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori in Turkey
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CitationYozgat, A., Kasapoglu, B., Demirci, S., & Coskun Sokmen, F. (2020). Modified quadruple therapy or bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in the first-line treatment of Helicobacter Pylori in Turkey. Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas, 13(7), 490-493. https://doi.org/10.17235/reed.2020.7261/2020
Aim: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication is still an important issue in countries with high antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of two bismuth-containing treatment modalities in H. pylori treatment in Turkey. Material and methods: subjects with H. pylori infection who were treated with either bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (pantoprazole 40 mg bid, tetracycline 500 mg qid, metronidazole 500 mg tid, bismuth subcitrate 262 mg qid daily) (BQT group) or modified quadruple therapy (pantoprazole 40 mg bid, amoxicillin 1g bid, metronidazole 500 mg tid, bismuth subcitrate 262 mg qid daily) (MBQT group) for 14 days were compared, retrospectively. The eradication success rate, adverse events related to the medications and compliance were investigated. Results: a total of 128 patients in the BQT group and 102 patients in the MBQT group completed the treatment. The overall rate of adverse events was significantly higher in the BQT group compared with the MBQT group (39.4 % vs 18.6; p: 0.001). Among the adverse events, nausea-vomiting and abdominal discomfort was significantly more frequent in the BQT group than in the MBQT group (p: 0.001). The adverse events were mild-moderate in both groups and life threatening adverse events were not present in any of the patients. Conclusion: although both regimens were highly effective and safe in H. pylori eradication, both intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) eradication rates were higher and adverse events were lower in the modified quadruple therapy group. Modified quadruple therapy should be kept in mind for the first-line treatment of H. pylori in regions with high clarithromycin and metronidazole resistance.