The generalizability of empirically derived syndromes of collateral-reported elder psychopathology across 11 societies
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CitationIvanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., Turner, L. V., Dumas, J. A., Almeida, V., Anafarta‐Sendag, M., Carlos Caldas, J., Chen, Y., Silva Oliveira, M., Erol, N., Funabiki, Y., Guðmundsson, H. S., Kim, Y. A., Leite, M., Liu, J., Markovic, J., Misiec, M., Oh, K. J., & Shi, S. (2021). The generalizability of empirically derived syndromes of collateral‐reported elder psychopathology across 11 societies. Research in Nursing & Health, 44, 681–691. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.22161
The purpose of this study was to test whether a syndrome model of elder psy chopathology derived from collateral ratings, such as from spouses and adult chil dren, in the United States would be generalizable in 11 other societies. Societiesrepresented South America, Asia, and Europe. The Older Adult Behavior Checklist(OABCL) was completed by collateral informants for 6141 60- to 102-year-olds. Thetested model comprised syndromes designated as Anxious/Depressed, Worries,Somatic Complaints, Functional Impairment, Memory/Cognition Problems, ThoughtProblems, and Irritable/Disinhibited. The model was tested using confirmatoryfactor analyses in each society separately. The primary model fit index showed agood fit for all societies, while the secondary model fit indices showed acceptable toa good fit for all societies. The items loaded strongly on their respective factors,with a median item loading of 0.69 across the 11 societies. By syndrome, the overallmedian item loadings ranged from 0.47 for Worries to 0.77 for Functional Impair ment. The OABCL syndrome structure was thus generalizable across the testedsocieties. The OABCL can be used for broad assessment of psychopathology forelders of diverse backgrounds in nursing services and research.